Contrary to the dominant view among development experts, new research shows how aid can actually reduce migration if it improves public services. But aid is only one of many factors affecting migration decisions.
In this journal article MEDAM researcher Martin Ruhs addresses the policy challenges linked to the Global Compact on Refugees’ recommendation for high-income countries to take in some refugees as labor migrants.
Survey data from 13 EU member states show that Europeans assess the impact of immigration on their country in a more positive light than they did in 2002. However, the polarization of the population towards immigration has increased.
Regional migration is vital for the economic development of countries of origin and destination and for the welfare of migrants and their families. Regional organizations that have invested increasing efforts in the promotion of orderly, safe and regular migration should receive more support in their capacity building and be involved in relevant policy dialogues.
Trade preferences provide a potential policy tool for supporting the integration of refugees in countries of first asylum. This policy brief discusses the conditions under which trade preferences can be effective and puts forward concrete policy recommendations.
With many refugee situations being protracted, humanitarian assistance that mainly provides refugees with food, shelter and minimal public services is not sufficient. MEDAM researchers call on G20 leaders to extend more predictable and substantial support to low-and-middle-income countries that host refugees.
The traditionally low female labor market participation in the majority of source countries is mirrored by a large gender gap among the non-EU migrants regarding both labor market and societal integration in Europe. We therefore argue that integration efforts need to explicitly take the gender dimension into account and increase labor market integration measures specifically geared towards female migrants.