To better understand the migration flows between Europe and Africa, MEDAM conducts household surveys in two Sub-Saharan countries—Senegal and Uganda—to investigate the determinants of migration decisions.
Individual migration decision-making
A rising number of Sub-Saharan Africans are migrating legally and irregularly to countries in Europe, the Gulf States, and countries in the Far East. Most of the migrants are young Africans, both male and female. The large number of youth migrating could be largely associated with the limited employment opportunities elsewhere, but there is a paucity of information on the interaction of individual, household, origin-country, and destination-country characteristics that drive migration—especially irregular migration.
To better understand the migration flows between Europe and Africa, we conduct household surveys in two Sub-Saharan countries—Senegal and Uganda—to investigate the determinants of migration decisions in more detail. How do people make migration decisions? What impacts do individual, household, origin-country, and destination-country characteristics have on future migration flows? How can we design policies that effectively target migration intentions?
Attitudes toward immigrants
Both Senegal and Uganda are also target countries for Chinese large-scale infrastructural projects and host quickly growing communities of Chinese immigrants. While the literature on attitudes toward immigrants has so far strongly centered on the US and Europe, the case of Chinese immigration to Africa differs in many respects. In our research, we will identify the influences on attitudes toward Chinese immigrants among African citizens.
As the household survey will capture attitudes toward different skill levels of Chinese and non-Chinese immigrants in Uganda and Senegal, it will enable us to estimate the differential effects of competition and economic spillovers on locals’ views of immigrants of various origins.
The research project aims to provide a better understanding of both migration aspirations and attitudes toward migrants in Senegal and Uganda. Through the project, we will build a solid database and in-depth analysis to recommend suitable policies that account appropriately for distinctions between internal and regional migration and intercontinental migration. The project will also recommend policies that benefit countries of origin, transit, and destination as well as their respective populations.