Does the emigration of skilled individuals necessarily result in losses for countries of origin? Combining industry-level patenting and migration data from 32 European countries, this paper shows that emigration in fact positively contributes to innovation in source countries.
Exploring the mechanisms through which foreign aid might affect migration decisions, we run gravity-type regressions for the short impact and late impact aid. We find a strongly negative impact of late-impact aid, which suggests that donors may be able to dampen migrant inflows by focusing on improved public services.
The dominant view among development experts has long been that foreign aid will most likely lead to more migration. Our research points in the opposite direction: aid often provides an incentive to stay because it is associated with improved provision of public services.
Conducting a field experiment over the course of two years, the researchers evaluated the impact of job-search assistance on the employment of refugees in Germany. The findings show a positive and significant treatment effect of 13 percentage points on employment after twelve months.
Using a novel dataset of user comments on German regional media’s Facebook articles, the researchers explore the politicization of Europe. The results suggest that it remains low among social media users.
What impact will recently arrived refugees have on the labor markets of receiving European countries? This paper looks at the composition of recent refugee inflows and reviews the relevant characteristics of EU labor markets.
Trade preferences provide a potential policy tool for supporting refugee employment in countries of first asylum. The paper looks at the so-far disappointing impact of the EU-Jordan agreement on rules of origin, as well as the experience with two relevant U.S. preferential programs that have generated substantial export growth and employment. It then discusses the conditions under which trade preferences can prove an effective instrument for refugee integration and makes some concrete policy recommendations.
Cultural differences play an important role in shaping migration patterns. This paper proposes a tractable model for international migration, with its results suggesting that positive changes in cultural relationships over time foster bilateral migration.
How does ethnicity, gender and parental household’s employment status affect young people’s educational and labor market outcomes? This article compares youth probabilities of becoming NEET (not in employment, education or training) in the UK.
As with economic integration, immigrants’ social integration improves along with their years of residence in destination countries. This survey reviews the research evaluating naturalization and settlement policies.
Looking at non-monetary determinants of migration, the paper examines the import of cultural goods that enhances cultural affinity with potential destinations.
In this working paper, the authors revisit the aid-migration link using a substantially extended and adjusted econometric approach. Contrary to previous literature, they obtain evidence of a negative relationship between aid and emigration rates.
Rapidly growing internet usage around the world provides data that can be used to measure migration intentions in origin countries and predict subsequent outflows.
The authors document a negative effect of migration on petty corruption in education using survey data and administrative records from Moldova.
The paper compares the social mobility and status attainment of first and second-generation Turks in nine Western European countries with those of Western European natives and with those of Turks in Turkey.
With favorable integration policies and labor market conditions, employment rates of refugees reach those of the native population in little more than a decade. This is the conclusion of the first Mercator Dialogue on Asylum and Migration (MEDAM) study, based on the experiences of Bosnian refugees from the Balkan wars.
Georeferencing anti-refugee violence in Germany in 2014 and 2015, the authors created a dataset that includes information on 1,645 events of four different types of right-wing violence and social unrest as well as patters of right-wing violence.