About 10% of the total population in Germany and the European Union are immigrants from third countries. This percentage is expected to increase in the near future due to recent migration movements from the Middle East and Africa and expected demographic growth in many countries of origin. Our study will help to better understand the supporting and inhibiting factors for integration into the host societies as well as the attitudes of citizens towards refugees and other migrants.
To what extent would Germany’s population endorse financial and social policies that affect the income or wealth of various sub-groups of the population (such as citizens vs. migrants) and its distribution and re-distribution? How do the different characteristics of immigrants affect the population’s acceptance of such policies?
In order to answer which factors can promote or inhibit integration, we use questionnaires as well as economic experiments. The experimental methods are well suited to simulating real behavior and examining the psychological attitudes of individuals towards others.
In addition to preferences for redistribution and trust between the resident population and migrants, we are also interested in other factors that influence cultural, social, and economic integration. Therefore, the project also examines how the nature and extent of immigrants’ experiences of violence affect attitudes towards integration and how discrimination of other ethnic or religious groups in the countries of origin correlates with integration into German society. Examining these aspects may be particularly relevant to identify categories of immigrants at risk of marginalization.