Across the political spectrum, parties agree on wanting to fight causes of flight in order to curb international migration flows. Specific actions, however, are seldom discussed. This can certainly be attributed to the complexity of individual migration decisions which are not simply based on armed conflict but rather a deterioration of any kind of long-term personal prospects – be it due to the dangers of war, widespread unemployment, negative environmental impacts, or a lack in economic and political participation.
This research project therefore investigates different aspects of migration in countries of origin. For one, we examine the varying impact of demographic change across African states: Depending on institutional settings (e.g. of education and health policy) population growth can have diverse effects on economic development and therefore also on individual migration decisions. Furthermore, we also aim to focus more closely on the relationship of conflict and migration: Besides the obvious short-term effect of violence on refugee flows, the institutional reform process in post-conflict societies is crucial in the medium and long run.