A Comprehensive Strategy to Manage Asylum and Immigration in the EU
In our Assessment Assessment Report, we have emphasized how the policy regimes for asylum, labor migration, and other forms of immigration (family unification, education) are inextricably linked. Short-term challenges arise due to the large recent inflow of asylum seekers, whereas long-term challenges relate to the uneven success, across and within EU member states, of current immigrants’ economic and social integration. These challenges, combined, need to be understood against the background of conditions in migrants’ countries of origin, labor market and education policies in EU member states, and the processes that drive public attitudes toward immigrants.
Our specific recommendations for actions should therefore be viewed, and critically debated, as part of a comprehensive strategy that involves interlocking elements covering the relevant policy areas. This is where we hope to start our dialogue with stakeholders at the EU and national levels.
Recommendations for Action:
- Work with host countries toward partnerships for refugees: The international community covers the financial cost of hosting refugees, while host countries grant refugees a secure legal status, access to public services, and the right to work.
- Participate in the resettlement of recognized refugees when countries of first asylum face large inflows of refugees.
- Explore the use of humanitarian visas for refugees with a prima facie case for international protection when there is no established resettlement scheme.
- Work with countries of origin and transit to curb irregular immigration to the EU by would-be labor migrants.
- In the long run, design and implement an incentive-compatible, EU-wide regime for external border security, asylum, and the economic and social integration of refugees.
- In the short to medium run, share financial and logistical responsibilities for asylum-related policies more equitably among EU member states and establish monitoring and peer review of member state contributions.
- Expand opportunities for legal labor migration to EU member states from third countries.
- Address long-standing shortcomings in immigrant integration to promote social inclusion while facilitating the labor market integration of recently arrived refugees.
- Work with European society at large to sustain a political culture centered on respectful debate and evidence-based policy-making.