Rainer Thiele is head of the research area “Poverty Reduction, Equity, and Development” at the Kiel Institute and adjunct professor at Kiel University. He earned both his master’s degree and his doctorate in Economics from Kiel University. His current research focus is on the impact of large-scale land acquisitions in Sub-Saharan Africa on rural communities and on the allocation and effectiveness of foreign aid.
He has published his research results in internationally recognized peer-reviewed journals, such as the Journal of Development Economics, World Bank Economic Review, and World Development.
- Large-scale land acquisitions in Sub-Saharan Africa
- Aid allocation and aid effectiveness
Since the 2015 refugee crisis and the arrival of thousands of migrants on the Southern European coasts, there has been pressure on the European Commission and the most affected EU member states to find ways to effectively manage (and deter) migration.
Exploring the mechanisms through which foreign aid might affect migration decisions, we run gravity-type regressions for the short impact and late impact aid. We find a strongly negative impact of late-impact aid, which suggests that donors may be able to dampen migrant inflows by focusing on improved public services.
The dominant view among development experts has long been that foreign aid will most likely lead to more migration. Our research points in the opposite direction: aid often provides an incentive to stay because it is associated with improved provision of public services.
The challenges in asylum and migration policy require a comprehensive approach with broad support by all EU member states. In our assessment report we propose a strategy based on the concept of ‘flexible solidarity’.
How can the responsibility for refugees be distributed more fairly – globally and within the EU? And how can we curb irregular migration while expanding legal immigration to the benefit of all concerned? These and other questions are addressed in the first MEDAM assessment report.
In this working paper, the authors revisit the aid-migration link using a substantially extended and adjusted econometric approach. Contrary to previous literature, they obtain evidence of a negative relationship between aid and emigration rates.